Menopause & PMS
What is Menopause
Menopause is a natural biological process that is genetically initiated in women from the ages of 45 to 55 years old. Menopause is usually triggered by the final ovulation cycle which indicates that it is the end of the fertility period in females. Menopause is defined as the irreversible halt of a woman’s menstrual experiences and the end of fertility, but its symptoms can begin later, by up to 12 months after the final menstruation. During the time of menopause, a woman’s body undergoes numerous chemical changes and regulations and it acquires a new hormonal balance pattern which is meant to maintain the span and support the woman’s body for the rest of her life.
At the onset of menopause, a woman’s ovaries stop producing the female eggs and some sex hormones like progesterone and estrogen. After this, the menstrual periods become intermittent or either widely spaced or closely spaced until they eventually come to a steady stop. The downstream biological results that are caused by a reduction of some of these hormones can lead to numerous changes in the body’s physiological processes which may cause stress and some negative effects. Irregular menstrual cycles can have dramatic and drastic effects on a woman’s physical health and even worse, her mental health. These effects can vary greatly from individual to individual but initially, all of them are as a result of the sudden changes in the levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body system.
Symptoms of Menopause
When sex hormones and other biological molecules are not produced efficiently by the ovaries, the side effects can be manifested in numerous symptoms which can be generally subcategorized into two categories; these are the physical effects and the psychological effects. Physical effects are showcased in irregular menstrual periods, night sweats, hot flashes, fatigue, muscle aches, heavy sweating, headaches, heart palpitations, sore breasts, dizziness, sensitive skin, hair loss, dry hair, prolapse, pain during sexual intercourse, vaginal discharge, decreased libido, urinary incontinence and urinary tract infections. Psychological problems are associated with the mental abilities that are required to cope with the situation, these can include stress, anxiety, and depression.
Some products that we prescribe for menopause are
Available Treatments For Menopause
One of the most common treatments for menopause that has been widely adopted is the Hormonal Replacement Therapy. Hormone Replacement Therapy is a medical treatment that is set to imitate the body’s natural production of the deficient hormones. This, in turn, reduces the effects that are associated with the sudden fluctuations of these hormones during menopause.
Hormone Replacement Therapies are patient specific. This means that every patient’s requirements and hormonal dosages vary greatly according to an individual’s health condition. The best approach to a Hormonal Replacement Therapy is by consulting a compounding pharmacy so that you can be assisted on how to relieve your specific needs. Our compounding pharmacy can compound different hormones in varying concentrations and strengths, and after that, we can formulate them into different forms which include; oral capsules, topical gels, vaginal creams, injections, suppositories, and sublingual lozenges. In case of anything, a patient can seek alternative treatments to the Hormone Replacement therapies that they feel may work best for them. A lot of patients have experienced substantial benefits and a reduction of the menstrual symptoms by using over the counter medications like antidepressants, anti-hypersensitivity drugs, and anti-seizure drugs, so a patient is always free to try out what will work best for them.
Though there are various treatment options for the symptoms of menopause, the best treatment so far can only be achieved using a Hormone Replacement Therapy which works by providing the hormones that the deteriorating ovaries cannot produce. The body is genetically programmed to stop producing sex hormones once the period for reproduction is over, but this fails to realize the side effects that are caused by the deficiency of some of these hormones which take part in essential physiological processes in the body. Replacing these hormones in the appropriate amounts as they were naturally being produced in the body can help an individual to maintain a very stable balance in their body’s physiological processes which will greatly improve their quality of life.
A Hormone replacement therapy can reduce the vasomotor symptoms in women i.e. hot flushes, sweating at night and general flashes by up to 90% in premenopausal women and 65% in post-menopausal women. There are numerous drugs that can be prescribed to deal with the symptoms of menopause but so far, only a hormone replacement therapy can be used to treat the underlying causes of these symptoms before they are felt. The lack of hormonal signals and numerous hormonal imbalances is what initiates these symptoms which lead to their effects. So, in order to curb this, you can use a Hormonal therapy which can be readily obtained from any qualified medical physicians.
Hormonal Replacement Therapies can include a mono-therapy which is a makeup of only one hormone, mostly estrogen, or a combination therapy that can include other hormones like progesterone, estradiol and in specified cases, low doses of testosterone. Even though estrogens are the initial female sex hormones, women must also produce minimal amounts of testosterone in order to facilitate multiple physiological processes and functions in the body.
Generally, a risk-benefit assessment of an individual should be carried out by the physician responsible for the treatment in order to confirm if a hormonal replacement therapy will yield the required results and notable benefits. This therapy does not automatically promise positive results to everyone. So, a lot of care should be taken before deciding to embark on this medication. If this medicine is administered in the wrong way and without prior medical examinations, it can lead to the development of serious chronic illnesses that may have adverse effects. Patients with pre-existing conditions should look into other treatment alternatives if at all they are concerned with the side effects that can be associated with this medication. A qualified physician can help you to weigh out the benefits of a healthy and comfortable life compared to the side effects that you may face and their intensity, which will help you to come to a more sound conclusion.
Pre-disposition to various diseases is what plays a major role in determining whether one is fit for a Hormonal Replacement therapy or not. Additionally, dietary changes and an improved quality of lifestyle are other factors that should be considered as the first line of treatment for the symptoms of menopause. Most physicians prescribe medications with outstanding safety profiles, but some physicians prefer diving straight into Hormone Replacement Therapy as their primary mode of treatment for the symptoms of menopause. Despite this, they have to maintain a cautious approach which ensures careful service delivery for the safety of the patient. For more information on these medications and their administration, feel free to contact us.