Metformin is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. It is used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes when diet and physical exercise alone are not sufficient to achieve adequate levels of normal blood sugar in adults, in children from 10 Years of age and adolescents. Insulin is a hormone that allows tissues to pick up glucose (sugar) from the blood and use it as energy or to store it for future use.
Patients with type 2 diabetes do not synthesize enough insulin in the pancreas or their body does not respond adequately to the insulin they produce. This causes an increase in blood glucose. Metformin improves the body’s sensitivity to insulin, which helps restore the way the body uses glucose. In overweight adult diabetic patients, long-term use of metformin also helps reduce the risk of complications associated with diabetes.
- Regulates blood sugar levels.
- Treats and prevents type 2 diabetes.
- Promotes ovulation in PCOS women.
PRECAUTIONS TO CONSIDER BEFORE TAKING METFORMIN HCI:
You should not use metformin if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
- Severe kidney disease, metabolic acidosis or diabetic ketoacidosis.
- If you need to have surgery or any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye that is injected into your veins, you may need to temporarily stop taking metformin. Be sure your caregivers know ahead of time that you are using this medication.
- Kidney disease, high ketone levels in your blood or urine, heart disease, congestive heart failure.
- Liver disease or if you also use insulin, or other oral diabetes medications.
You may develop lactic acidosis, a dangerous build-up of lactic acid in your blood. This may be more likely if you have other medical conditions, a severe infection, chronic alcoholism, or if you are 65 or older. Ask your doctor about your risk.
ADVERSE REACTIONS AND SIDE EFFECTS
- Unusual muscle pain, feeling cold, trouble breathing.
- Feeling dizzy, light-headed, tired, or very weak.
- Stomach pain, vomiting, slow or irregular heart rate.
- Low blood sugar, nausea, upset stomach, diarrhea.